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Friday, July 17, 2015

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Trips and chronic complications of diabetes

7:15 AM

Currently, diabetes is one of the relatively common pathology and has the fastest growth rate. The complications of diabetes are the result of hyperglycemia condition lasts. Learn about the acute and chronic complications of diabetes so that we can approach the most effective treatment.


Acute and chronic complications of diabetes

Acute complications:

1. acidosis ketones and ketones acidosis coma Diabetic:

This is a dangerous complication of human life, caused by lack of insulin caused severe disturbances in the metabolism of proteins, lipids, carbohydrates, is a medical emergency should be monitored in the conditioning department aggressive treatment.

2. Coma no acidosis increases glucose ketones (coma increases osmotic pressure):

As turmoil weighs glucose metabolism, blood glucose increased, patients often show signs of consciousness disorders from mild to severe drowsiness, coma. Patients frequently in people with type 2 diabetes over 60 years old, men and women were more common.

3. Coma latic acidosis:

Blood lactate levels> 5,0mmol / l meant diagnosed if> 10mmol / l, the prognosis is very bad. In the case of Type 2 diabetes with myocardial ischemia and cardiogenic shock are very prone to acidosis latic.

4. Lower blood glucose:

Symptoms of hypoglycaemia usually occur when plasma glucose level was only 2.7 to 3.3 mmol / l. Depending on the level of glucose in plasma will have the corresponding clinical symptoms. This is a dangerous complications if not detected and treated in time, it would leave many neurological sequelae hardest even lead to death. When you see these symptoms should be noted: hungry, shaky, sweating, palpitations palpitations ...

Chronic complications:

1. cardiovascular complications in people with diabetes:

Diabetes increases the risk of stroke from 1.5 to 2 times, increasing the risk of coronary heart disease from 2-4 times increased risk of lower limb artery inflammation 5-10 times.

2. Renal Complications:

As one of the common complications, complication rates increased over time. Glomerular diseases can cause nephrotic syndrome, renal failure.

3. neurological complications:

Popular as peripheral neuropathy and nerve vegetation
Disease diabetic foot, foot ulcers are common as a result of neurological complications, and infection of blood vessels, increase the risk of high amputation.

4. Other complications: 

People with diabetes are more susceptible to all kinds of infections caused by many favorable factors, common infections are pneumonia, urinary tract infections, gum infections, osteomyelitis, Steam cholecystitis, fungal infections ...
Prevent complications for people with diabetes
- Remind the patient is always in compliance with the doctor's advice, taking full and on time.
- There is a reasonable diet, reduce salt, reduce carbohydrates, and protein-rich food increases fat, enhance green vegetables and fresh fruit, but fruit sugar limit.
- Monitoring blood sugar every day.
- Clean the body clean and examine the body avoiding scratches, inspect your feet daily for the early detection of complications can occur, do not go barefoot, too tight shoes or high heels, spike shoes, avoid skin damage. If you have a leg injury in the skin, swelling, redness in skin, swollen ... it needs to be examined immediately for the early detection of complications.

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