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Saturday, April 9, 2016

10 symptoms of diabetes

Diabetes, the silent killer, happens quite popular but many people do not know they are infected. Here are some symptoms to help you detect the disease early in order to have timely treatment solutions. 

Regularly to the bathroom at night who were sick to go to the bathroom several times to get rid of waste amounts of blood glucose by the kidney weak, often occur many times during the night. Or was thirsty you feel thirsty than usual because your body needs water added. Two symptoms are associated with each other and we must have a reasonable diet to regulate blood sugar levels.Losing weight too quickly if a drop 10-20 pounds in only 2 or 3 months. It's unhealthy weight loss, possibly due to high blood sugar levels, because the hormone insulin does not get glucose into cells to provide energy and protein in muscle is destroyed as a source of alternative energy. The kidneys also have to work harder to remove excess sugars, making extra calories. Or feel hungry when your blood sugar drops, the body of patients "misunderstood" is hungry and needs to add sugar to cells work dynamic. the symptoms on the skin itchy and dry skin can also be a warning sign of diabetes, especially in enclosed areas such as the skin of the neck or armpits. Collazo-Clavell Ph.D., explains in these people usually have a course of insulin resistance occurs even when blood sugar levels are not high. When you see this sign, you should check your blood sugar. Wounds heal slowly infection, bleeding or wound healing bruises were long. It is caused by damaged blood vessels because too much sugar flowing through veins and arteries, making it harder for blood circulation to other parts of the body to heal wounds. Yeast infections Collazo-Clavell Dr explain , diabetes is a state of immunosuppression should be very sensitive to infections, most commonly yeast (candida), because the fungus thrives in environments much sugar. In particular, women susceptible to vaginal candidiasis. Feeling tired and uncomfortable high blood sugar, over time, it makes a person feel tired and irritable patients. Reduced vision Amount high sugar alters the shape of the eye lens refraction leads to change, impair vision, visual images are distorted, sometimes see the light flashing. When blood sugar levels back to normal, symptoms are gone, but if it happens for a long time, the eyes will be permanent damage, even blindness can be. Tingling or numbness Legs and hands itch out, numbness, burning or swelling, due to damaged nerves. If high blood sugar levels for long periods can cause the nerves permanently compromised. So we have to control blood sugar levels as quickly as possible. Tip: Take a regular blood tests to check blood test diabetes, not just once, but should be done regularly, sign. Check fasting glucose, overnight (or eight hours) without eating. If blood sugar levels are measured two times in the 126 mg / dL means you have diabetes. With normal blood glucose level of 99 mg / dL, from 100-125 mg / dL as prediabetes.

Sunday, July 19, 2015

The serious complications of diabetes

Diabetes is one of the current condition is quite common and has the fastest growth rate. This is a chronic disease if not treated well will lead to dangerous complications reduce the quality of life and life-threatening human diseases. The consequences of these complications can cause disability and death for patients suffering from.

Some complications frequently encountered

1. Nerve damage

Because blood sugar is too high, hurting small blood vessels feeding the nerves. Patients may be peripheral nerve damage, alter sensation, decreased sensation, numbness or tingling, muscle weakness. These signs often occur in the feet so the feet vulnerability could cause ulcers infection, gangrene and amputation right to preserve life.

2. Damage to the kidneys

Because blood sugar levels are higher hurtful IC millions in renal impairment leading to important functions filtering, excreted by the kidneys, more severe can lead to irreversible renal failure.

3. Eye Damage

The small blood vessels in the retina easily congested, broken inside the eye causing damage leading to retinal pathologies. On the other hand, diabetes can also cause cataracts, glaucoma, blindness.

4. Heart disease and vascular

Cardiovascular complications in patients with diabetes is extremely dangerous and very common. Patients are prone to high blood pressure, arteriosclerosis, myocardial infarction, stroke causes paralysis or death. According to the statistics show that 65% of mortality in diabetes is caused by a stroke.

5. Infection

Diabetics are also very prone to infection and can become infected at any typical parts such as teeth, gums, skin infections caused boils, fungus, bladder, urinary tract infections, kidney ...
Complications of diabetes actually very dangerous but we can absolutely minimize and prevent complications if good control of blood sugar levels.

Safety Solutions and prevent complications

Currently, the number of people suffering from diabetes and increasing cause horrible complications are a burden in treatment.

In addition to measures to control diet, exercise and medication, then Western medicine tends to use the herb in traditional medicine to treat diabetes is increasingly interested.

Especially, Gymnema Sylvestre - a rare herb that is assessed by hundreds of researchers around the world for good hypoglycemic effect, safe and stable blood sugar, no side effects have been long lasting Scientists Hanoi University of Pharmacy and Research found in Vietnam. This really is an optimal solution to reliably prevent complications for diabetics.

To live happy and confident with diabetes, patients take control said stabilizing blood sugar levels in their blood at safe levels. It is often necessary and can say the most important principle in the treatment of disease. So you make your choice for a truly secure solution lasting effect for a healthy life.

The symptoms of diabetes

If you often feel very hungry, very tired, thirsty and urinate with many, you probably already have diabetes, disease tends to increase. Here are the warning signs of the disease.

Diabetes happens when your blood sugar is too high because the body does not produce enough insulin - a hormone that helps cells absorb sugar from the blood - or ineffective insulin work.

According to the Human Services Commission and Health America, the common symptoms of diabetes include:

- Thirst and excessive urination
- Regularly felt very hungry
- Feeling very tired
- Unexplained weight loss
- Frequent infections or wounds do not heal
- Blurred vision
- Numbness or tingling in the hands and feet
- Dry skin, itching.

If you have any symptoms of the above symptoms, see your doctor to check for diabetes, especially if you are over 45 years old.

7 risk factors of Type 2 diabetes

The risk factors of Type 2 diabetes need to mention are: obesity; physical inactivity; have unhealthy habits; family history; high blood pressure, high cholesterol and heart disease; a history of diabetes during pregnancy or have polycystic ovaries.

1. Obesity: risk of diabetes No.1 tip 2. Children overweight type 2 diabetes are also more than 3 times the normal children.
2. Sedentary Lifestyle: Active reduces blood sugar levels, helps insulin more effectively.
3. There are no healthy habits: Eat right may vary, reverse or prevent diabetes. Has been poor glucose tolerance.
4. Family history and genetic factors School factors: Looks like those who have family members with diabetes type 2, then they also have a higher risk of this disease.
5. Old Age: Still sad but true, over 45 years the risk of type 2 diabetes is also higher.
6. High blood pressure, high cholesterol and heart disease: The first two factors are the main risk of many diseases, including type 2 diabetes; injury to blood vessels of the heart both
7. History of diabetes during pregnancy or have polycystic ovaries: Diabetes in pregnancy rates of around 4% in pregnant women.

Caution with gestational diabetes

Women who have diabetes during pregnancy are more likely to later develop type 2 diabetes than other women. However, the disease can still be controlled by changing diet and regular physical exercise.

Can cause complications during birth

If the first blood sugar levels are too high in women during pregnancy, are pregnant women suffering from gestational diabetes. This condition usually disappears after the birth.

High blood sugar during pregnancy can cause many problems for the health of both mother and fetus. Fetal condition can grow, leading to more complications during childbirth. Babies are born often have low blood sugar levels. But through treatment, most women with gestational diabetes can control the sugar content soatt blood and the baby was born completely healthy.

Women with gestational diabetes are more likely to later develop type 2 diabetes than other women. You can prevent or reduce the risk of type 2 diabetes by maintaining a stable body weight, eating foods that are healthful and strengthening physical activity.

Causes of diabetes in pregnancy

The pancreas creates a hormone called insulin. This hormone helps the body to use and maintain blood glucose levels accurately. This process aims to keep sugar levels in your body at a safe level. When you're pregnant, the placenta produces hormones cause difficulties for the operation of insulin in the blood. This condition is called insulin resistance body phenomenon.

The pregnant woman may have diabetes when their pancreas does not make enough insulin to keep blood sugar levels in a safe range.

Recognize signs of illness

Sometimes pregnant women have symptoms related to different types of diabetes, but they do not know, like frequent thirst, frequent urination, increased hunger, blurred vision when looking.
During pregnancy, most women have to urinate more than usual and quickly hungry, so when you have these signs does not mean that you have diabetes. Talk with your doctor in case you have this expression to conduct diabetes testing at any time during pregnancy.


Most pregnant women should conduct confirmatory testing on gestational diabetes between the time from weeks 24-28 of pregnancy. If your doctor says you are more likely to suffer from gestational diabetes, the test may be conducted earlier than specified.

Gestational diabetes can be diagnosed after a blood test twice. In initial tests, blood sugar levels will be checked one hour after you drink a small cup of soda. In cases where blood sugar levels are too high, you should check the amount of glucose three hours later. If this time the blood sugar levels of the body is still on the safe, which means you have diabetes during pregnancy.


Many women with gestational diabetes can control blood sugar levels by changing diet and regular physical exercise. These healthy habits can also help you prevent pregnancy have diabetes and type 2 diabetes later in life.

To treat gestational diabetes, you should check blood sugar levels at home and regular health checks. Maybe you will need to inject additional insulin to help control blood sugar levels. This kind of artificial insulin combined with insulin produced by the body to help maintain blood sugar levels stable and your safety.

Diabetes and something needs to know

Diabetes is a chronic disease, impact of genetic factors, as a result of a deficiency of insulin (a hormone by the pancreas known as secreted from sugarcane). The disease is characterized by a rise in blood sugar and other metabolic disorders.


Currently there is no exact known cause cause diabetes. However, it noted with genetic factors or family (ie family when someone has diabetes, the rest is in danger of suffering from diabetes than). Social factors also contribute to diabetes, such as obesity, diet, lifestyle, less physical activity ... these are factors that we can improve.

Who is diabetes?

- The obesity
- Yes father, mother, brothers and sisters in the diabetic
- Of the nation at risk: Blacks, Indians, Asian
- Women baby weighing 4kg or have been diagnosed with diabetes during pregnancy
- High blood pressure
- Disorders of blood fats (HDL ≤ 35mg / dl and triglycerides ≥ 250mg or / dl)
- Has been diagnosed disorders or disorders glucose tolerance fasting blood glucose (blood sugar level less than the level called diabetes but were higher than normal).


- Diabetes Type 1: common in thin people, young, with the expression profile more, drink more, eat more and more thin.
- Diabetes type 2: common in obese people, also have symptoms of excessive urination, drinking more, blurred vision, tingling in the fingers and feet ... However, in the majority of cases symptoms often insidious disease often detected late, incidentally.

Complications of diabetes

- Cardiovascular: hypertension, atherosclerosis, stroke, myocardial infarction
- Kidney: protein in urine, kidney failure
- Eyes: cataracts, blindness
- Nervous: paresthesia, numbness limbs
- Infections: skin, urinary tract, tuberculosis, foot infection ...
- Dead.

How to detect diabetes early?

There should be understanding about diabetes. Seek medical care and blood glucose testing for those over 45 years old. If results are normal, you should check every 3 years.

The following subjects should test blood glucose at the age of 30 and 1 times per year:

- In families with diabetic relatives (parents, siblings)
- Obesity
- Less physical activity
- Has been diagnosed with a fasting blood glucose disorder or intolerance road
- High blood pressure
- Disorders of blood fat.

Obese children aged 10 years or more, or at the start of puberty should check blood sugar every 2 years 1 time if accompanied by one of the following elements:

- In families with diabetic relatives (parents, siblings)
- Sam neck, the skin folds
- Increasing pressure huyep
- Disorders of blood fat.
 Treatment of diabetes like?

For effective treatment of diabetes requires the contribution of many specialists:

- Doctors of internal medicine, endocrinology
- Experts in nutrition
- Nursing: Care in hospitals and care guide home
- Other medical staff: doctors physiotherapy, foot specialist, pharmacist, social insurance ...
- The close cooperation of the patient and the support of loved ones, family, friends.

 Treatment of diabetes should have:

- Reasonable diet
- Train your body
- Patient training program
- Drugs that lower blood glucose when needed (medicines, insulin).

 The role of diet in diabetes

Reasonable diet is the foundation of diabetes treatment plan. Reasonable diet to help patients stabilize blood sugar levels, reduce the dose to use, prevent or slow the appearance of complications, prolong the life of patients.
Reasonable diet also helps patients to feel comfortable and confident in life, few have felt isolated in social life.

Currently, nutritionists recommend that the diet of people with diabetes should closely resembles ordinary people:

1) The amount of carbohydrates (rice, corn, potatoes ...) close to the normal level (50-60%)
2) Allow people with diabetes using simple lines in the limited (sugar to taste food, to the drinks ...)
3) Reduce the amount of fat (to eat the oil, fish fat): 20-30%
4) Increased fiber (found in vegetables, fruits).
People with diabetes should have a diet almost normally, eat regularly, do not skip meals, divided into several small meals throughout the day (4-6 meals). This is an important factor to help treat diabetes successfully.

It should be noted that no general menu for all patients with diabetes because diabetics have each Tastes differ, physical activity levels vary, different levels of blood glucose, or usage different drugs.

Preventing diabetes

Prevention of overweight, obesity
- Based on the BMI (body mass index)
BMI = CN: CC2 (which weight in kilograms, height in meters)
This index should keep within 18.5 to 23
- Waist: 90cm  male, female <80cm
- Percentage of body fat: male <25%
                             Women <30%.

Increasing physical activity:

- Sports more than 30 minutes in most days
- Exercise of about 1h / day in most days
- Active in all activities and steps between 5,000-10,000 feet / day.

Reasonable nutrition:

- Eat a variety: eat 20 foods each day by eating a mixed cuisine, with many dishes in a meal, and dishes change daily, between the day, seasonal ... should be limited foods that provide empty energy as sugar, soft drinks, candy ...
- Eat in moderation: not eaten too full or too hungry, do not eat anything too much.
- Eat whole, close to nature so little loss of nutritional ingredients in food.


- Diabetes is a chronic medical condition, if not detected and treated early can lead to dangerous complications in heart, kidney, eye, brain ...
- Diet and physical activity are the cornerstone of treatment.
- The disease can be prevented by reasonable diet, increase physical activity and keeping a healthy weight and avoid weight gain.

Women sit more easily with diabetes

Women are less active, sit too much are at risk for diabetes.

According to research by British scientists, women who sit more than 7 hours per day at risk of developing type 2 diabetes than those who increased movement.

That is the findings of a group of scientists from the University of Leicester (UK). The study examined the blood of 505 men and women participated, with ages from 59 upwards. The woman said to have sat from 4-7 hours a day and the men sit 4-8 hours per day. Results showed that, in the blood of women sat many have high levels of chemicals indicating the body is developing diabetes.

Besides, the study participants were asked to perform more tests to measure levels of certain chemicals in the blood to find out the relationship with the development of diabetes.

Accordingly, these women often have the longest sitting high blood insulin levels - a hormone that helps regulate blood sugar levels in the body. When high blood levels of insulin in the body to prove that they are becoming resistant to this hormone and diabetes are starting to develop.

However, these results are not true in men. Therefore, the scientists said: Compared with men, women are more likely to have more negative effects of sedentary habits. The researchers said that the reason there are differences between men and women on this issue is because women tend to eat more snacks while sitting man, or because men tend to engage in work health promotion activities at other times more often than women.

Compared with men, women are more likely to have more negative effects of sedentary habits (Artwork)
In fact, many patients with type 2 diabetes do not know they carry the disease but because they do not recognize the symptoms as fatigue, thirst, frequent urination, recurrent yeast infections and delayed wound healing.

The researchers said: "This study aims to provide additional new evidence to indicate the limits of time sitting, regardless of physical activity, how have adverse impact on insulin resistance chronic inflammation and the low level of women ".

Recognize early signs of type 2 diabetes:

- Frequent thirst and urination: When excess glucose builds up in your blood, fluids are collected from the tissue. This can make you thirsty. As a result, you may drink and urinate more than usual.

- Constantly hungry: Without enough insulin to move sugar into your cells, muscles and organs become depleted your energy. This triggers intense hunger.

- Weight loss: Despite eating more than usual to relieve hunger, but you can still lose weight.

- Fatigue: If your body cells are deficient in sugar, you may become tired and irritable.

- Blurred vision: If your blood sugar is too high, fluid may be pulled from your eyeballs. This may affect the ability to focus and a clear view of the eye.

- People with diabetes are also prone wounds sores, frequent infections. And this wound healing than normal by type 2 diabetes affect the ability to heal wounds and fight infections in the body.

Also, some people with type 2 diabetes have patches of dark skin which, especially in areas prone to multiply, for example in the armpits and neck. This condition, called acanthosis nigricans, may be a sign of insulin resistance.

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