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Friday, July 17, 2015

Complications of Type 2 diabetes

7:11 AM

Type 2 diabetes easily overlooked, especially in the early stages when the patient is still healthy .The system see the implications of not detected and treated in time are the serious complications of diabetes but the patients with type 2 easy encounter.

Type 2 diabetes is a chronic disease that develops when the pancreas does not produce enough insulin or use insulin due to disturbances in the body's tissues. Insulin is the hormone helps the body cells make energy from glucose. Without insulin, sugar can not get into the cells to perform their duties, but instead stays in the blood sugar. This causes blood sugar density high patient than normal. A person with diabetes when blood glucose levels are too high than allowed in an unusual way. Type 2 diabetes accounts for 90% of diabetes cases and 10% mainly due to type 1 diabetes and gestational diabetes.
Complications of type 2 diabetes


Acute complications: hyperglycemia too high can put the patient into a coma or comatose ketones infection increased osmotic pressure. Deaths from hyperglycemic coma is very high.
Heart and blood vessel complications. Diabetes increases the risk of cardiovascular disease, including coronary artery disease with angina, myocardial infarction, stroke, atherosclerosis and hypertension.
Neurological complications (neuropathy). High blood sugar can damage the small blood vessels (capillaries) nourishing the nerves, especially in the legs. This damage causes the symptoms: tingling as tingling, numbness, pins, burning or pain usually starts from the toes, fingers and spread gradually. If blood sugar is not well controlled can cause total loss of sensation in detail
Injury to the nerves controlling automatic ingestion may cause nausea, vomiting, diarrhea or constipation. For men, may have erectile dysfunction.
Renal complications (Nephropathy) .Than contain millions of tiny blood vessel tufts that filter wastes from the body. Diabetes can cause damage to the filter system. Ultimately that can lead to kidney failure or end-stage renal disease can not be recovered, then need dialysis or a kidney transplant.
Eye complications. Diabetes can damage the blood vessels in the retina (retinopathy of diabetes), which can lead to vision loss or blindness. Diabetes also increases the risk of other eye diseases like cataract and glaucoma.
Foot complications. Nerve damage and reduced blood flow in the legs increases the risk of foot complications on foot. If untreated, wounds or blisters become infected. If severe lesions can be removed toe, foot or leg to save the patient's life.
Skin and mouth lesions. Diabetes can make the skin more susceptible to infections or fungal infections. Gingivitis can occur.
Osteoporosis. Diabetes can lower than normal bone density, increased risk of fractures due to osteoporosis.
Alzheimer. Diabetes type 2 could increase the risk of Alzheimer's disease and dementia. Uncontrolled blood sugar increases the risk of developing this disease. One theory is that the blood vessel complications due to diabetes can cause dementia by blocking blood vessels to the brain and cause a stroke. Another possibility is that there is too much insulin in the blood vessels leading to brain damage due to inflammation or insulin deficiency in the brain was deprived of glucose by brain cells.
Hearing loss. Diabetes can cause hearing loss
Common mechanism to explain this complication, which is high blood sugar levels damage blood vessels, nerves, reduced immunity and increased risk of infections in patients with diabetes.

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